Page 75 of 107 Updated 1.25.17 The invitation of any guest speaker or entertainer who requires remuneration must have prior approval of the appropriate administrative officer before an invitation can be extended. Prior to inviting a guest speaker or entertainer, appropriate facilities should be approved and reserved, and appropriate contracts and paperwork, filed. 11.13 Off-Campus Freedom of Students College and university students are both citizens and members of the academic community. As citizens of the United States, students will enjoy the same freedom of speech, peaceful assembly, and right of petition that other citizens enjoy; and, as members of the academic community, they are subject to the obligations that accrue to them by virtue of this membership. Faculty members and administrative officials should ensure that institutional powers are not employed which inhibit such intellectual and personal development of students as is often promoted by their exercise of the rights of citizenship both on and off campus. Occasionally the activities of students may result in violation of law. In such cases, institutional officials will be prepared to apprise students of sources of legal counsel, and such officials may offer other assistance. A student who violates the law may incur penalties prescribed by civil authorities and may also be subject to university action if said violation also violates university policy or involves the student in an activity that threatens the health or safety of said student or any other student or person. The student who incidentally violates institutional regulations in the course of his off-campus activity, such as those relating to class attendance, will be subject to no greater penalty than would normally be imposed. Institutional action should be independent of community pressure. 11.14 Distribution of Literature and Posters Students are free to distribute literature or to display posters relative to organizations’ activities or campus-wide activities as long as the activities adhere to university policy and as long as the literature and posters are in good taste. Posters must be approved by the person in charge of each building and must be posted only in designated areas. Posters in Moody Center should be approved by the Coordinator of Student Activities. T-shirt designs and slogans must be approved by the Dean of Students or his/her designee. 12. Harassment Unlawful discrimination occurs when an individual is treated less favorably with respect to the administration of the university’s educational programs and activities, admissions, financial aid, or on-campus housing, based upon that individual’s membership in a class protected by applicable law. Harassment is defined as conduct that is so severe and/or pervasive, and objectively offensive, that its effect, whether or not intended, impairs a person’s ability to participate in the university’s educational programs and activities or their living environment. Objectively offensive conduct means that it must be offensive both to the recipient of the conduct and to a “reasonable person” in the recipient’s circumstances. Examples of harassment include, but are not limited to: • Some students hang a noose from the ceiling of an African-American student’s room. • After a student discloses that he receives an accommodation for his learning disability, another student calls him a “retard” every time he walks into the classroom. • Someone spray paints “terrorist” on an international student’s car who comes from a predominantly Muslim country. If harassment is of a sexual nature, see page 79.